Every January, millions of hopeful people flock to health clubs in a desperate attempt to get fit/healthy/sexy/etc….
And as a personal trainer, fitness research geek and multi-decade gym junkie, I feel that it is my duty to shine a light on some of the ways newbies are wrecking their workouts.
#1 – Doing Cardio Training before Resistance Training
Most people that join a gym have similar goals…losing body-fat, getting healthier, getting fitter, feeling better, etc.
If that sounds like you, you need to stop doing your cardio training before your resistance training. Doing cardio before resistance training will…
- slow down your body-fat reduction,
- slow down or prevent any strength gains,
- prevent improvements in energy system performance,
- do nothing to maximize your cardio-vascular function,
- and wreck your workout.
Here’s how you should organize your workouts:
- Short (5-10 min) joint mobility warm-up
- Resistance training
- HIIT and/or Cardio-vascular training
- Joint mobility & flexibility training
Joint Mobility Warm-Up
Starting your workout with short joint mobility warm-up is a good idea for a few reasons.
- It physically warms up your muscles, making them more flexible and less prone to injury
- It causes your joints to be lubricated with synovial fluid, helping them move smoother, preventing injury.
- It transitions your mind-body from your real-world problems into a “it’s time to workout” mode. This may seem inconsequential, but trust me…it isn’t.
Sample Joint Mobility Protocol
Joint Circles – Starting with the ankles and moving all the way up to your neck, gently make circles with all of your joints – 10 revolutions each joint in each direction
Dead Bug – Push your lower back into the floor and articulate your arms & legs as in the video. 1 set of as many reps as possible with your lower back pushed into the floor. When your back starts to arch…STOP. This warms up your core muscles and establishes a quick mind-body connection to some very, very important muscles.
1 Arm Swing Snatch – 25 reps per arm – Dumbbell or kettlebell – choose a light weight – the goal is to warm-up. After the swings, just about every muscle in your body should be nice and pliable and ready for the rest of your workout.
The type of resistance training you perform depends on your goals. Strength, size, endurance, looking good naked, etc.
The main reason you should perform resistance training before cardio is that resistance training requires a higher level of intensity than cardio training and as you fatigue, your ability to perform at a high level of intensity is the first thing to go.
And if you perform your resistance training in a fatigued state, you are going to wreck your workout, miss out on the weight-loss benefits, miss out on strength-building benefits, and lose out on the energy-system boosting benefits, etc.
HIIT and/or Cardio Training
Whether you perform HIIT or longer duration/lower intensity cardio training or some combination of the two depends on your training goals.
Joint Mobility & Flexibility Training
You have lots of options here…
If you want to learn more about mobility training, I suggest you check out the work of Kelly Starrett and/or Jill Miller. Smart people who make complex stuff simple.
#2 – Drinking Gatorade while doing Cardio
Unless you are putting in 60 minutes+ of hard, sweaty cardio training, you don’t need the sugar calories found in Gatorade and other sports drinks. You do need water…but you don’t need Gatorade.
In fact, drinking sugary sports drinks minimizes one of the great benefits of of exercise…improved insulin sensitivity.
What is insulin sensitivity…and why should you care about it?
Insulin sensitivity describes how sensitive the body is to the effects of insulin. Someone said to be insulin sensitive will require smaller amounts of insulin to lower blood glucose levels than someone who has low sensitivity.
In short, being sensitive to insulin is good….being insensitive is bad and is a sign that you are on your way to developing type 2 diabetes.
Exercise, Insulin Sensitivity & Gatorade
Lots of research shows us that cardio exercise makes your body more sensitive to insulin. What happens during exercise is that your body pulls stored sugars out of your muscles & liver to fuel your activity. And for most gym-goers, you have more than enough sugar stored in your body to get you through your workout. (that’s why you don’t NEED Gatorade…unless you are a serious cardio athlete)
Post workout, your sugar-depleted muscles are going to be screaming for sugar. And when you chug down a post-workout protein smoothies or make yourself a meal at home, your muscles & liver are going to take priority over most other body processes.
And this is good…because it means that your muscles are going to get all the nutrients they need to recover faster from your workouts.
Takeaway Message – Unless you are a serious cardio athlete, don’t drink a sugary sports drink during your workout. You will perform just as well, recover faster, while getting leaner, stronger, fitter…faster.
#3 – Training Chest & Biceps 3x per Week
This message is for all the young guys who think that getting a buff chest and jacked biceps is going to make all the girls swoon.
It won’t. You’re just going to wreck our workout, plus…
- All the other guys think you’re a poseur, and
- Your arms & chest would grow faster if you started training smarter.
What does training smarter mean?
- Train your entire body…not just your beach muscles
- Get stronger through your core & legs…and you will be able to handle heavier weights over your entire body.
- Remember that training your back also trains your biceps at the same time
#4 – Believing that Lifting Weights Will Make a Woman Look Like a Man
You would not believe how many women believe that if they start lifting weights, their body with morph, grow and swell into this…
…when in reality, after years of lifting weights, eating tons of protein & nutritional supplements, favourable genetics and a lot of sweat & hard work, fitness model Jamie Eason looks like this…
…not exactly very manly.
The truth is that you are already lifting weights.
- Every time you stand up from a chair…you are lifting weights.
- Every time you go for a walk…you are lifting weights
- Every time you pick up your kid…you are lifting weights
And you don’t look like a man.
As the old adage says, the poison is in the dosage. If you choose to lift weights like a bodybuilder, eat huge like a bodybuilder and inject steroids, growth hormone & insulin like a bodybuilder, you might end up looking like a bodybuilder.
But…if you lift weights in an intelligent manner, eat in an intelligent manner and take a few crucial supplements, you will probably end up looking fitter, healthier, stronger and sexier than ever before.
#5 – Expecting Immediate Results
Diet experts around the globe will tell you that to lose body-fat, you need to eat less calories than you consume. Referencing two of the laws of thermodynamics, they say that if you eat 500 fewer calories than your body requires to function, your body will free up 500 calories of stored body-fat to make up the difference.
And if you do that every day for a week, you will lose one pound of body-fat by the end of the week.
Unfortunately, as logical and scienc-y as that sounds, it doesn’t work in the “real world”.
The human body is a beautifully messy piece of work. Two identical twins with identical bodies can follow the exact same diet & exercise program and get totally different results.
And while that seems totally unfair for the twin who isn’t seeing results, that’s real life. Transforming your body is going to require a process of trial and effort.
- Find a nutrition/training program that has a good track record and seems to fit nicely into your lifestyle.
- Give it your best for a month.
- Evaluate how it worked for you.
- Give it another month or try a new plan
- Evaluate how it worked for you
Repeat over and over and soon enough you will become an expert on what works for your body.